Agra Fort-World Heritage Sites In India

Agra Fort, Agra: World Heritage Sites In India

This massive fort complex served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors until 1638. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India due to its historical and architectural significance.

World Heritage Sites In India

Agra Fort, also known as the Red Fort of Agra, is a historic fortress located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the most significant and well-preserved fortresses in India and is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India. Agra Fort served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors until 1638 when the capital was shifted to Delhi.

Construction of Agra Fort began in 1565 under the orders of Emperor Akbar, the third Mughal emperor, and continued under the reigns of his successors, including Jahangir and Shah Jahan. The fort’s red sandstone walls, which give it the nickname “Red Fort,” enclose an area of approximately 94 acres and contain a multitude of palaces, mosques, and other significant structures.

One of the most iconic features of Agra Fort is its massive walls, which reach a height of up to 20 meters (66 feet) and stretch for more than 2.5 kilometers (1.6 miles) in circumference. The fort is surrounded by a moat on three sides, providing additional defense against invaders.

Within the fortified walls of Agra Fort lie several notable structures, including:

  1. Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience):

    This grand hall was used by the emperor to address the general public and listen to their grievances. It features a raised platform where the emperor’s throne would have been placed.

  2. Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience):

    This exquisite hall was reserved for private audiences with the emperor. It is known for its intricate marble work and a throne niche where the famous Peacock Throne once stood.

  3. Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque):

    This small marble mosque was built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his personal use and is renowned for its pristine white marble and delicate design.

  4. Sheesh Mahal (Palace of Mirrors):

    This palace is adorned with thousands of tiny mirrors embedded in the walls, creating a shimmering effect when illuminated by candlelight.

  5. Musamman Burj:

    This octagonal tower was built by Shah Jahan for his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It offers panoramic views of the Taj Mahal and the Yamuna River.

Agra Fort bears witness to the grandeur and opulence of the Mughal Empire and stands as a testament to its architectural and cultural legacy. It continues to attract millions of visitors from around the world who come to marvel at its beauty and learn about its rich history.

Agra Red Fort: World Heritage Sites In India

The Agra Red Fort, also known as Lal Qila or Fort Rouge, is a UNESCO World Heritage Sites In India located in Agra, India. It is a majestic fortification built primarily of red sandstone, situated on the right bank of the Yamuna River.

World Heritage Sites In India


  • Construction of the fort began in 1565 during the reign of Emperor Akbar and continued until the reign of his grandson, Emperor Shah Jahan, who added several structures using white marble.
  • The fort served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors until 1638 when the capital was shifted from Agra to Delhi.


  • The Agra Fort encompasses an area of about 94 acres and is enclosed by massive walls reaching a height of 70 feet.
  • It is characterized by its impressive Mughal architecture, blending elements of Persian, Turkish, and Indian architectural styles.
  • Notable structures within the fort include the Jahangiri Mahal, Khas Mahal, Diwan-i-Khas, Diwan-i-Am, Moti Masjid, and Sheesh Mahal.
  • The fort’s intricate design and exquisite ornamentation reflect the opulence and grandeur of the Mughal era.

Tourist Attractions:

  • Visitors to the Agra Red Fort can explore its various palaces, halls, and gardens, offering insights into the rich history and culture of the Mughal Empire.
  • The fort provides panoramic views of the iconic Taj Mahal, located just a few kilometers away, making it a popular destination for tourists visiting Agra.

Cultural Significance:

  • The Agra Fort is not only a significant historical landmark but also a symbol of Mughal architectural prowess and cultural heritage.
  • It has been featured in numerous works of art, literature, and films, contributing to its global recognition and appeal.

Visitor Information:

  • The fort is open to visitors throughout the year, with guided tours available to explore its various attractions.
  • Entry fees and timings may vary, so it’s advisable to check in advance before planning a visit.

Overall, the Agra Red Fort stands as a testament to the grandeur and splendor of the Mughal Empire, attracting tourists from around the world with its remarkable architecture and rich historical significance.

Also Read : –Ellora Caves-World Heritage Sites In India


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